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2345-4466 :pISSN

2423-7000 :eISSN

Culture and Folk Literature

  • Editor-in-Chief: Naser Nikoobakht
  • Manager-in-Charge: Hayat Ameri
  • Publisher: tarbiat modares university
  • Journal Type: Scientific
  • Publication Period: Bi-monthly
  • Access Policy: Open
  • Publication Format: Electronic
Aims and scope:
General policy of the journal: Journal of Culture and Folk Literature aims to encourage studies, research projects, and data collection on language, oral literature, and their analysis from linguistic, literary, social, and cultural perspectives. The main approach of the journal is folk literature and its related elements. Papers related to literature are also received and reviewed if they are conducted in the field of folk culture.
Peer-Review Policy: 
The peer review process in this Journal is double-blinded in which the reviewer’s name is unknown to the author and vice versa.
Submitted articles go through a structural and subject evaluation to make sure they are in line with
Culture and Folk Literature principles. Confirmed papers go through a double-blind peer review by three field experts chosen by the Board of Review based on their specialty.

Reviewers Responsibilities:
The reviewers have the following responsibilities:
- Assisting the chief editor in decision-making and potentially helping authors improve papers through editorial communication. The reviewers are asked to decline the review if unqualified or unable to promptly review.
- Treating the PDF manuscripts as confidential documents and avoiding unauthorized sharing.
- Conducting objective reviews, avoiding personal criticism, and providing clear, supported feedback.
- Identifying relevant, uncited published work and reporting potential plagiarism or overlap with other publications.

The journal maintains confidentiality of information and ideas, avoiding personal gain or reviewing papers with conflicts of interest.
Open Access Policy:  
Open access and free (all papers)
This Journal’s contents and the articles are freely available to readers without subscriptions or payments through the journal website or its permanent repositories. Users can read, download, copy, distribute, publish, search, and refer to the articles without the permission of the publisher or author as far as the articles are correctly cited.
Publishing Ethics: This Journal follows all the terms and conditions of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and complies with the highest ethical standards in accordance with ethical laws and the law regarding the prevention and prosecution of plagiarism.
Licensing Policy: This Journal is licensed under the terms of international copyright law of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial  "(CC BY-NC)" 
Authors feesDear authors/ paper contributors, you are being humbly informed that the journal charges 600 thousand Tomans (In two steps: Reviewing: 200 thousand Tomans, and Publishing: 400 thousand Tomans)
To receive iThenticate certificate, please refer to the SAMIM NOOR Site at:
Self-archiving policies for authors
Authors are permitted to post their work online in institutional/disciplinary repositories or on their own websites. Pre-print versions posted online should include a citation and link to the final published version in this Journal as soon as the issue is available; post-print versions (including the final publisher's PDF) should include a citation and link to the journal's website.
Copyright PolicyUnder open access license, authors retain ownership of the copyright for their content, but allow anyone to download, reuse, and reprint, modify, distribute, and/or copy the content as long as the original authors and source are cited properly.

List of reviewers with their Publons address

Scientific ID of the journal
International Bimonthly Journal of Culture and Folk Literature
Journal Type Scientific (Ministry of Science, Research, and Technology)
Publication Period Bimonthly
Editor-in-Chief Naser Nikoobakht
Establishment 2013
Ranking ISC (Q1), Ministry of Science (B), Impact Factor (0.495)
Ranking Scientific-research with reference to document No. 3/18/23387 on 14/05/2013 in the committee of scientific journals
Average review process Two months, blind-reviewed by at least 3 reviewers
Acceptance rate 28%
Language of publication Farsi (Abstract: English)
Type of publication Electronic
Access policy Open and free (all papers)
Scope Folk literature, folk culture, language and folk dialect, folk arts, ethnography, criticism and culture and folk literature theories (with an emphasis on folk literature for all areas of research)
Address and Contact number 09333086132 (calls available on Monday from 12 to 16), available all time through message and email at: cfl@modares.ac.ir
Research center of Language and Persian Literature, Tarbiat Modares University, Intersection of Jalal and Chamran, Tehran
Executive staff Director: Parnian Zarepour; Farsi editor: Leila Ahmadi; English editor: Ehsan Mehri; Paging: Zeinab Nourpour Juybari
Review and publication charge 200.000 tomans for the review process and 400.000 tomans for the acceptance and publication
Bank account No. Bank account No.: 4001075003007294
Shaba ID.: ir520100004001075003007294
Deposit ID: 386075074140103004110860000000
The payment should be done on the journal’s website (author’s account), which will be done through connecting to the transferring channel of the bank after the primary reception of the paper (before the review process) and after the final acceptance (before the acceptance letter).

Statement on the best processing procedure and prevention of publication violation

COPE regulations is set for the chief editors to ensure the least standards, expecting all members to follow them. The best instructions were much favored and they responded a wide range and different types of ethical issues as requested by the chief editors. Although COPE expects all the members to adhere to the regulations related to the journals' editors (reviewing the complaints against the members who do not adhere), we have realized that editors might not be able to perform the best practice (which are voluntary); however, it is hoped that our recommendations would address those policies and practices which require review and reconsideration.

In this synthetic issue of the documents, compulsory regulations for the standards of the journals' editors are written textually through numbered clauses.

Chief editor's general responsibilities
1.1. The chief editor is responsible for all the contents that are published in the journal, meaning that the chief editor should:
1.2. attempt to meet the needs of the readers and authors;
1.3. try for the development of the journal;
1.4. adopt approaches necessary for ensuring the high quality of the contents published;
1.5. support freedom of speech;
1.6. ensure the validity and uniformity of the academic background;
1.7. meet the position's needs considering the rational and ethical standards;
1.8. welcome the publication of reformed, clarified versions of papers as well as apologies when necessary;

The best practice for the chief editors are:
  • actively trying to improve the authors, readers, editors, and reviewers' perspective to develop the journal's approaches
  • being updated in research to review, published, and analyze the journal's approaches with regards to the new findings in the field
  • attempting to encourage publishers to prepare appropriate resources and ask for the guidelines from experts (such as policy makers and lawyers)
  • supporting innovations to decrease the current problems in research and publication
  • supporting innovations which are in line with teaching publication ethics to researchers
  • analyzing the impact of the journal's policies on the authors and reviewers, and reconsidering the policies when necessary to encourage responsibility and decrease behavioral problems.
  • ensuring that any published content by the journal reflect the paper's message as noted in the research.

2. Contact with readers
2.1. The readers should be aware of the financial supporters or research authorities. They need to know if the supporters have had any role in the research and publication.

The best practice for the chief editors are:
  • ensuring that the published reports and research review are analyzed by reliable reviewers (in particular, the statistical analysis);
  • ensuring that the unanalyzed sections of the journals are identifiable;
  • adopting approaches which improve the validity, uniformity and reliability of the research, like editing and using related checklists;
  • using transparency policy to improve transparency in non-research papers as much as possible;
  • adopting certain systems of authoring or contribution to improve good performance (through, e.g. accurate indexing) and reduce the problems (like ghost or guest authors);
  • ensuring the readers that writings of the journal's staff and review board are analyzed unbiasedly.

3. Contact with authors
3.1. The chief editor should accept or reject a paper based on the originality, significance, clarity and validity and in line with the scope of the journal.
3.2. The chief editor should not change his decision for accepting the papers unless there is a serious problem with the paper.
3.3. The new chief editor should not change the previous chief editor's decisions concerning the published papers unless there is a serious problem with them.
3.4. New review approaches should be openly published and the chief editor should be responsible for any general diversion from the declared approaches.
3.5. The journal should adopt a mechanism through which the authors could refer to in response to the chief editors' decisions.
3.6. The chief editor should publish their expectations through guidelines. These guidelines should be regularly updated and referred/linked to this clause.
3.7. The chief editor should prepare some guidelines concerning the required standards of writing or who should follow these standards when noted as co-author.

The best practice to the chief editors are:
  • regular reviewing the author's comments and suggesting related links for the guidelines;
  • publishing conflicts of interests for all the partners and publishing the corrections if the conflicts of interests are identified after publication;
  • ensuring that the reviewers are correctly selected (e.g. individuals who can review the contents and are not involved in the conflict of interest);
  • respecting author's request, if acceptable, that nobody is legitimate to review their paper if their writing is accepted;
  • referring to the COPE indexing guidelines if there is a suspicious writing;
  • publishing the details of resolving suspicious cases (e.g. through a link to the COPE indexing)
  • publishing the received and accepted dates for each paper.

4. Contact with reviewers
4.1. The chief editor should declare their expectation of the reviewers through guidelines, in particular regarding the provided contents to ascertain trust.
4.2. The chief editors should use reviewers for any potential conflicts of interest before sending the paper to reviewer.
4.3. The chief editor should adopt a system to ensure that the reviewers' findings are confidential unless there is an open review which is known by the authors and reviewers.

The best practices for the chief editors are:
  • encouraging reviewers to challenge the ethical issues, potential research, and possible problems in the writings about publication (e.g. unethical research design, inadequate data to achieve research consent or support for research (in particular animals), inappropriate use of data);
  • encouraging reviewers to challenge the originality of writing and informing them for lengthy writings and plagiarism;
  • equipping reviewers to identify related publication (e.g. providing the link for the referred resources and searching in the reference list)
  • transferring the reviewers' comments to the authors completely unless they are offensive;
  • ensuring the reviewers' collaboration with the journal;
  • encouraging academic institutes to accept review as a research practice;
  • analyzing the reviewers' performance and improving their standards of practice;
  • developing the reviewers' database and updating it based on reviewers' performance;
  • abandoning reviewers that commonly do fast, unqualified, and delayed reviews;
  • ensuring that the reviewers' databased reflect their community in the journal, and adding more reviewers if needed;
  • using a wide range of resources (not just particular individuals) for accepting new potential reviewers (e.g. through author's suggestion, reference list data base)
  • following COPE indexing when the reviewer's performance is problematic.

5. Contact with review board
5.1. The chief editor should select a new review board and give them the expectations through guidelines. Also, they should keep updated in line with the policies and new developments.

The best practices for the chief editors are:
  • adopting the best policies to manage the review board's writings for ensuring fairness;
  • identifying qualified review board that actively contribute for the development and good management of the journal;
  • constantly observing the review board;
  • providing clear guidelines to the review board about their roles and expected responsibilities which possible involve:
    • contributing as an executive member of the journal
    • supporting and improving the journal
    • searching the best authors and their works (e.g. from the abstracts) and actively improving the papers
    • editing the writings for the journal
    • accepting editing, review, and analysis of the papers in their field of research
    • joining and contributing in the review board sessions
    • consulting with other members of the review board (e.g. annually) to investigate comments about the management of journal, and informing them of any changes in the journals policies and identifying the potential challenges

6. Contact with the owners and publishers of the journal
6.1. The chief editor's contact with the publisher and owner of the journal is rather complicated, but it should basically be managed on chief editor's freedom of practice.
6.2. The chief editor should make decision about the papers based on the quality and relevance of the papers to the scope of the journal and without the owner or publisher's interference.
6.3. The chief editor should have a written contract to clarify the relationship with the owner or publisher of the journal.
6.4. The clauses of the contract should be in line with the COPE regulations for journal's chief editors.

The best practices for the chief editor are:
  • establishing a mechanism to resolve conflicts between the editor and owner or publisher of the journal with legal procedures;
  • constantly contacting the owner or publisher of the journal.

7. Editing and reviewing policies
7.1. The chief editor should ensure that the review is fairly, unbiasedly, and timely done in the journal.
7.2. The chief editor should adopt a system in which the contents uploaded in the journal are kept confidential.

The best practices for the chief editor are:
  • ensuring that the individuals involved in editing (including the chief editor) are qualified and aware of the latest guidelines, suggestions, and evidence regarding the review and management of the journal;
  • being informed of the research conducted in editing and technological development;
  • adopting the most appropriate method of review for the journal and its research community;
  • analyzing review performances regularly for possible improvement;
  • referring problems to COPE, especially questions which are not answered in COPE indexing;
  • holding sessions to examine complaints which were not resolvable.

8. Quality control
8.1. The chief editor must take logical measures to ensure the quality of publications, considering the fact that the journal has specific scope and standards.

The best practices for the chief editor are:
  • adopting a system to identify misinformation (e.g. figures which are not properly placed or plagiarized) if suspicious arises;
  • making decisions for the paging of the journal according to the factors that can improve the quality of the reports rather than aesthetic or personal preferences.

9. Privacy protection
9.1. The chief editor should consider confidentiality when making decision. Putting aside the domestic laws, they should keep all the information which are acquired during the research or professional communication (e.g. between a doctor and a patient). Therefore, it should be mandatory to obtain written consent form for publication from those whose identity might be revealed or known by others (e.g. through the type of report or photos).

The best practices for the chief editor are:
  • publishing policies with regards to individual information (e.g. personal photos or information) and explaining that thoroughly for the author.
  • It should be noted that the consent form to participate in a research or related issues is different from the consent form for publishing information, photors or personal communications.

10. Encouraging ethical issues (e.g. studies which involve human or animal)
10.1. The chief editor should ensure that the published paper is in line with the international ethical guidelines (e.g. Declaration of Helsinki for clinical studies or AERA and BERA for educational research).
10.2. The chief editor should make sure that all the studies are confirmed by a responsible board (e.g. committee of ethical studies). However, the chief editor should know that such a confirmation does not guarantee ethicality of the research.

The best practices for the chief editor are:
  • Sending request to authors to confirm the ethicality of the research and asking them to respond to ethical issues (e.g. consent form from participants or the method of engaging animals) if concerns arise or transparency was needed;
  • ensuring that the report for clinical experiments are based on Declaration of Helsinki and Good Clinical Practice and other guidelines for security of the participants;
  • ensuring that the report of the experiment and studies on animals is in line with the guidelines of World Health Organization and Human Service for the protection of animals in clinical experiments;
  • assigning advisors or a board of ethical issues to consult with regarding particular issues or when the policies of the journal needed a review.

11. Responding to violations
11.1. The chief editor is responsible to react if any violations or signs of conflict arise. This include all the published and unpublished papers.
11.2. The chief editor should not simply reject those papers which are suspicious to violation. They should ethically follow up such issues.
11.3. The chief editor should follow the COPE procedure when possible.
11.4. The chief editor should find an answer to any suspicious case of violation. If no convincing response was found, they should follow up through the staff or any other authority.
11.5. the chief editor should do the best to ensure that the violations are followed up properly, otherwise, the chief editor should do the best to find a resolution. This is a difficult but important task.

12. Ensuring the validity of academic background
12.1. Any mistake in the writings must be immediately corrected.
12.2. The chief editor should follow COPE guidelines to correct mistakes.

The best practices for the chief editor are:
  • reducing the amount of hidden misleading content in the papers (e.g. all the clinical cases should be reported);
  • ensuring that the published contents are safely archived (e.g. in a permanent source like PubMed Central);
  • adopting a system in which the authors can freely submit their research.

13. Intellectual property
13.1. The chief editor should be aware of the issues in intellectual property and contact the publisher to manage the regulations and commitment to intellectual property.

The best practices for the chief editor are:
  • adopting a system to identify plagiarism (e.g. a software for similarity check) in the submitted papers (routinely or when suspicious cases arise);
  • supporting authors for whom the copy right law is not adhered or they are victims of plagiarism;
  • collaborating with the publisher to support author's right and suing violators (e.g. through a request to withdraw or delete the paper from websites) without considering if the journal follows copy right laws.

14. Encouraging dialogue
14.1. The chief editor should encourage constructive criticism of the papers published in the journal.
14.2. The criticized author should have the chance to respond to the criticisms.
14.3. Negative conclusions should be reported as well.

The best practices for the chief editor is:
  • Freedom of research on published papers which challenge the journal.

15. Complaints
15.1. The chief editor should respond to the complaints immediately, and they should know that unresolved complaints will bring about more complaints. The mechanism for referring the unresolved complaints to COPE should be clearly stated.
15.2. The chief editor should follow the procedure for responding to complaints as stated in the COPE indexing.

16. Financial considerations
16.1. The journal should have a policy and system which ensures that the economic considerations are not interfering the chief editor's decisions (e.g. the advertising department should be independent of the editing department).
16.2. The chief editor should set up a clear advertising policy on the journal's content and the required sponsoring approach.

The best practices for the chief editor are:
  • publishing a clear statement on journal's income (e.g. income from advertisement, sale, sponsoring requirements, etc.);
  • ensuring that the sponsoring review procedure is same as the journal sponsoring;
  • ensuring that the contents in the sponsoring are merely based on academic qualification and attraction for readers, and decisions in these requirements are not interfering with commercial considerations.

17. Conflict of interests
17.1. The chief editor should adopt a system to manage conflict of interests for staff, authors, reviewers, and review board.
17.2. The journal should have a clear procedure to resolve issues about the writings posted by the chief editors, staff, and review board to ensure unbiased review.

The best practices for the chief editor are:
  • publishing the list of common interest (financial, academic, or others) of editing staff or review board members (which should be updated annually).



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Gholamhosein zadeh, Gholamhosein; 
Professor of Persian Language and Literature
Affiliation: Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Email: ggholamhoseinzadeh@yahoo.com
Zolfaghari, Hasan; Associate professor of Persian language and literature
Affiliation: Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Email: zolfagari@modares.ac.ir
Editorial Board

Sarafei, Mohammad Reza;
Professor of Persian Language and Literature
Affiliation: Kerman Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran
Email: m_sarfi@yahoo.com
Tel: -
NikoBakht, Naser; Professor of Persian Language and Literature  
Affiliation: Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Email: n_nikoubakht@modares.ac.ir
Tel: -
RafieFar, Jalalodin; Professor of Anthropology
Affiliation: Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
Email:  jrafifar@ut.ac.ir
Tel: -
Fazeli, Nematollah; Assistant Professor of Social Anthropology  
Affiliation: Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran
Email: nfazeli@hotmail.com
Tel: -
Mokhtabad, Seyed Mostafa; Associate Professor of Theater and Film
Affiliation: Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Email: mokhtabm@modares.ac.ir
Tel: -
Tamim Dari,  Ahmad;Professor of Persian Language and Literature
Affiliation: Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, iran
Email: a_tamimdari@yahoo.com
Tel: -
Yahaghi, Mohammad Jafar; Professor of Persian Language and Literature     
Affiliation: Mashhad Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran
Email: ferdows@ferdowsi.um.ac.ir
Tel: -

General notes:
1. The general approach in papers submitted to Bimonthly journal of Culture and Folk Literature must be within the score of folk literature and its elements design scientifically and purposefully. Paper on folk culture, folk language and dialect, folk art, ethnography and criticism, and theories of culture and folk literature will be welcomed if they consider literature in their design.
2. Please DO NOT submit papers which are non-analytical and merely data collection on folk culture. The priority is with those papers which have a new scientific finding.
3. All the manuscripts are checked for plagiarism prior to the review process.
4. The authors (order, typing, etc.) are published as it was firstly submitted. Authors cannot change the order, number, scientific degree, corresponding author, and any other information after the submission. The corresponding author is the supervisor of the thesis/dissertation unless s/he indicates otherwise in a letter, or if the author(s) are not a faculty member.
5. PhD candidates should consider the order of the authors for their paper extracted from their PhD dissertation: Candidate – supervisor (corresponding author) – advisor.
6. The number of authors should NOT be more than 4.
7. All authors should register in orcid.org and get a code from the website which has to be included in the personal information section of their paper. The academic email of the corresponding author should be noted in the submission system of the journal and the paper.
8. The manuscripts should be submitted through the following link: http://cfl.modares.ac.ir

Author's guidelines
1. The structure and main headings of the paper be written in the following order: 1. Introduction, 2. Review of the literature, 3. Theoretical framework, 4. Results and discussion, 5. Conclusion, 6. Postscript (optional), 7. References.
2. The writing guidelines for Farsi should be adhered to in all papers and Persian words need to be used as much as possible.
3. The word count should not exceed 6500 without the English abstract.
4. Half-spacing (use Shift+Space in Persian keyboard) is mandatory (for further info please refer to the Dictionary of Persian Writing Style)
5. Articles should not be previously submitted to/published in other journals. One of the authors should be introduced as the corresponding author to the chief editor.
6. Articles are accepted only if they have followed the Persian writing style. The final acceptance is due to the decision of review board.
7. Author's name(s) should come after the title. The personal information of each should be noted in the footnote of the first page. Also, the corresponding author and the email should be indicated in the same place.
8. The acknowledgements for individuals or organizations which collaborate in the study should be written in the footnote of the first page after the author's information with minimum words possible.
9. The abstract (Persian and English) should be written between 150 to 250 words indicating the aim of the research, theoretical framework, research method, and the main findings.
10. Keywords should come after the abstract including 5 to 8 words.
11. The English equivalent of the foreign names, terms, expressions, and notes should come as an endnote.
12. Papers should be formatted in A4 page design with single line spacing, B lotus, size 13 for Persian (New Time Roman, font 12 for English) in Microsoft word. The pictures should be in Jpeg format, with dpi300 or ppi 300 in a clear and legible resolution. The journal is free to edit the manuscript.
13. All paragraphs should start with 0.5 cm indentation except the first paragraph of each section.
14. Quotations more than 40 words should have 1.5 cm indentation in the whole paragraph without the first line indentation, and sized in 12.
15. The title of the books, journals, and collected papers should be italic if mentioned within the body text.
16. The sample of verses, lyrics, and proverbs should NOT be italicized.
17. The title for tables, figures, graphs, and pictures should be translated in English as well.
18. The Persian phonetics should follow the guidelines suggested by Farhangistan unless the author provides his/her reference of phonetics to the journal's office.

Guidelines for references:
  • the references should be alphabetically ordered considering APA 7. The books and articles should not be separated. They all need to be noted in the same section under references.
  • The within-text references should follow the below guidelines:
    author's last name, date of publication, page number.
    Example: (Chomsky, 2000, p. 171).
    If the author is a foreigner, the name should be written in Latin within the parenthesis. If the name of the author is written out of the parenthesis, it should be written in Farsi.
  • Books: author's last name, author's initial. (date of publication). Title of the book. Publisher.
    Example: Adam, J., & Francois, Z. (2005). Analyzing stories (translated into Farsi by Azin Hosseinzadeh and Katayoun Shahparrad). Ghatreh.
    Note: Please write the first and last name of the translators completely.
  • Articles: author's last name, author's initial. (date of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Journal, Volume(issue), page numbers.
    Example: Nasihat, N. (2012). Semiotic analysis of structural narrative of "Va Matashaoon" short story from the viewpoint of Greimas. Contemporary Criticism, 3, 12-19.
  • Thesis: author's last name, author's initial. (date of publication). Title of the thesis. Level, Major, Name of the university, Place.
    Example: Anoosheh, M. (2007). Sentence structure and the role in Persian language: a minimalist program. PhD dissertation, Linguistics, Tehran University, Tehran.
  • A chapter from a book: Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In E. E. Editor & F. F. Editor (Eds.), Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle (pp. pages of chapter). Publisher. DOI (if available)
  • A conference paper: Bošković, Ž. (2004). Object shift and the clause/PP pararellism hypothesis. In Proceedings of the 23rd West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics (pp. 101-114).
Note: All the Persian references should be translated into English. The English references should adhere to APA 7. DO NOT indicate the place of publication. The date should be written in Gregorian calendar.

Guidelines for writing an extended abstract
The authors should consider the following guidelines for writing the Persian and English extended abstract:
1. The extended abstract is different from a short abstract. The extended abstract could have references to other works, compare the studies, and discuss some of them in length. However, this is not the case in short abstract.
2. In short abstract, the author actually shortens the paper, while the extended abstract does not mention future studies, details of the tests, data collection.
3. The author should mention the following in the extended abstract: title, name(s) of the author(s) and their information, short abstract, review of the literature, research aims, assumptions, and questions, data collection, discussion, conclusion, and references.
4. The extended abstract should not exceed 5 pages. There should not be more than 6 to 8 references. Only studies mentioned in the body of the extended abstract should be listed in the reference section.
5. Authors are suggested to focus on the introduction, samples, findings. Figures are also welcomed.
6. The extended abstract should not exceed 1000 words.
7. The 'keywords' title should be bold, followed by a colon. There should be a dot after the last keyword.
8. If any reference is mentioned in the extended abstract, it should be included in the reference section too.