Volume 6, Issue 4 (2019)                   CLRJ 2019, 6(4): 60-81 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghiasi Zarch A. Study of the mythical structure of the linker goddess (Three versions with different social and cultural characteristics). CLRJ. 2019; 6 (4) :60-81
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-12-31272-en.html
Assistant Professor, Imam Khomeini International University , Ghiassi@post.ir
Abstract:   (803 Views)
One of the goals of comparative literature is to explore the common layers of literary, cultural and social communities and nations. Comparative literature can also clarify the fundamental interactions with a community by examining deeper layers. Causal Layered Analysis in Futures Research Methodology as a new way in a future study at four levels analyzes the past, present and future effects: Litany level, Social causes, Structure, and the discourse, Metaphor and myth level. By providing a systematic way of extracting the myth from the text, in this research, the fourth layer, which is shared by the mythocritic of comparative literature, to analyze and understand of three narrative texts: the liberation of three hundred prisoners by Hallaj in Tazkerat ol Oliya of Attar, the liberation of men by Prometheus in Enchained Prometheus, and the liberation of Peter imprisoned by an Angel in The Bible. In the text of Peter, Peter does not receive any human help.  A supernatural force helps Peter. It can also be pointed out that for the uprising and rebellion against the ruling power in a community in the West, the persecutor must have a holy color to be accepted by the community. In the event that, in the Iranian story of Hallaj, this man is responsible for his own destiny and is not waiting for another force, and the rebellious person must pass his life so that the rest follow him. In Prometheus, like in Peter, humans do not play any role.

Received: 2019/03/13 | Accepted: 2019/03/13 | Published: 2019/03/13

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